T. Imaoka, R. Tanaka, S. Arimoto, M. Sakai, M. Fujii, K. Yamamoto
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 13896-13905.
Probing Stepwise Complexation in Phenylazomethine Dendrimers by a Metallo-Porphyrin Core
A series of dendritic phenylazomethines (DPA), which have a meso-substituted zinc porphyrin core (DPAGX-ZnP, X = 1−4), were synthesized. Structural studies of these dendrimers were carried out using Tri-SEC (triple detection after size exclusion chromatography), intrinsic viscosity analysis, TEM (tunneling electron microscopy), and molecular modeling calculations by AM1. As a result, a sphere-like structure within a single-nanometer scale (Rh = 22 Å for DPAG4-ZnP) was observed. In addition, encapsulating effects by the DPA shell in the larger dendrimers were confirmed as fundamental properties, based on the UV−vis abosorption spectra, cyclic voltammograms, and 1H NMR spin−lattice relaxation times (T1). The DPAGX-ZnP acts as a multi-metal ion reservoir for SnCl2 and FeCl3. The generation-4 dendrimer (DPAG4-ZnP) can take up to 60 molar amounts of metal complexes around the porphyrin core. A quantitative study of the metal assembling reaction by UV−vis titration revealed stepwise layer-by-layer complexations from the inner imines nearest to the core to the surface. The redox behavior and fluorescence of the zinc porphyrin in these metal-assembled dendrimers also support the stepwise complexation of the metal ion. These analyses suggest that the finely assembled metal complexes in a dendrimer architecture strongly affect the electronic status of the porphyrin core. Results from transient absorption measurements strongly indicate a very fast electron transfer on a subpicosecond time scale between the core and assembled metal complexes.